Monuments in Lebanon
The effects of Baalbek
Baalbek is located within the borders of the fertile Bekaa Valley, located at an altitude of 1,150 meters above sea level, and is considered an important Phoenician historical landmark in Lebanon, and a vivid example of Roman architecture during the era of the empire, and huge buildings still exist to this day, and visitors and tourists can wander between these Buildings and insights into the history of ancient architecture.
Beiteddine Palace is an ancient historical and archaeological palace, built in 1788 AD, as it is the residence of Prince Bashir Shihab II, and construction work continued for a period of thirty years, and the Ottomans were able to control the palace, where it was used as a government building, and it remained until the end of the period The Ottoman Empire to become a protected historical site, and despite the passage of a long time since the building of the palace, but it is still one of the most beautiful historical palaces; Because of its architecture, handcrafted mosaics, intricate designs, and rare motifs.
There is a cemetery of Tire in the Lebanese city of Tire, to the east of the modern city, in the middle of the road leading to the hill of Al-Ma`shouq. It is an ancient historical family cemetery that includes a number of cemeteries, coffins, and shrines. Perhaps the most important features of it are the marble sarcophagi and the ornate and carved stone tombs. And the shrine dedicated to the god Apollo, which dates back to the first century BC, in addition to the small church in the tomb of El-Bass, ancient mosaic panels, and the mural of the Virgin Mary dating back to the early fifth century AD.
Religious monuments in Lebanon
Temple of Bacchus
The temple of Bacchus or the small temple is defined as an ancient historical and archaeological Roman temple, which is larger than the Parthenon in Athens, with a width of 36 meters, while it reached 69 meters in length. This Roman landmark was built during the Middle Ages. It still preserves many of its features to this day, where the sumptuous baroque decoration, the double reliefs of the German Emperor Wilhelm II or Gelium II can be seen, in addition to the corridors, the walls, the columns, the cellar, the stairs, the barracks, the grape and vine decoration located on the main entrance which is one high Ten meters
St. George’s Cathedral
The Cathedral of Saint George is located in the Lebanese city of Beirut, and it is an ancient historical Greek Orthodox church. it is considered the oldest church and the mother church of the Greek Orthodox community in Lebanon. It was first built during the late fourth century AD and was upgraded to a cathedral in 500 AD.
Our Lady of Qannoubine Monastery
The Monastery of Our Lady of Qannoubine is an ancient historical monastery, built during the fourth century AD, by order of Emperor Theodosius the Great, and it represented the seat of the Maronite Patriarch during the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries AD. Visitors can wander in the church built on the rocks and enjoy seeing the colorful murals that return To the beginning of the eighteenth century AD, and a visit to the Church of Our Lady of Marina near the monastery, and the basement near the entrance, which includes the body of the Maronite Patriarch Yusef Tayan.
Temple of Jupiter
The Temple of Jupiter is an ancient historical and archaeological temple, which is visited annually by thousands of pilgrims, and it is found among the monuments of the city of Baalbek, which was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and its construction dates back to the era of the Roman Empire, and huge stones weighing about 100 tons were used for stones The corner, and 300 tons of wall stones, which baffled scientists in understanding how these huge stones were transported, and speculations and beliefs are still conflicting at this time, but it is likely that the Romans used the huge stones as the basis for their own temples from previous buildings and platforms in the same place.
Natural attractions of Lebanon
Jeita Cave is located 18 km to the north of the Lebanese city of Beirut, and its length is about 10,000 meters, and thus it is considered one of the longest caves in the Near East region. This cave was discovered during the 1950s, and it was opened to visitors in 1958 AD, then in In 1969 AD, the cave includes within it natural formations called stalactites, which are considered the longest in the world with a length of 8.2 meters. Jeita Cave astonished all who saw it, and twenty-eight distinguished teachers around the world competed for the New Seven Natural Wonders Award. Visits around 280,000 people every year.