Seven wonders of the world

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Civilizations throughout the ages have built many buildings, graves, temples, and churches, in addition to mosques, and many other landmarks, which led to the emergence of the concept of the Seven Wonders of the World, which refers to the seven most impressive and surprising ancient buildings in the world  Since ancient times, many lists were created, each of which included different landmarks from each other. In the end, the ones that were classified by ancient Greek historians were adopted to form the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and recently the American Society of Civil Engineers has chosen seven new landmarks to form the wonders of the world. The New Seven in the World.

Seven wonders of the world

The reason why most of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World landmarks are not still standing is due to the many different reasons that have passed through history; Whether those that are caused by human action such as wars, or by the action of natural factors such as earthquakes and weather factors, however, those landmarks and wonders are still present in people’s minds and imaginations long after their demise, through telling different stories about them and imagining the way they were.

Pyramid of Khufu

The pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Giza (modern name: the Great Pyramid) is the only surviving monument to this day from the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, as it is located in New Cairo, Egypt, specifically in Giza Governorate. The construction of this great architectural edifice was started during the reign of Pharaoh Khufu and its construction continued for nearly 20 years, to be completed in the year 2560 BC, and the pyramid ranks first in the ranking of the oldest seven wonders of the ancient world, and researchers’ opinions differed on how to build this engineering marvel. The huge size of this pyramid and the high accuracy of its construction led to the emergence of many theories that talk about how it was built and built, some of which indicate that nearly twenty thousand workers worked continuously and effortlessly for twenty years to complete the construction of the Giza pyramid.

The pyramid of Giza is one of three pyramids dedicated to the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and his wives, it includes many internal corridors and rooms that are believed to have been built to contain the pharaoh’s coffin and what he might need to live in the other life – as the pharaohs believed -, and this pyramid was built from a number of Large stone blocks are enormous weight, it is believed that it consists of about 2.3 million large stones of which the weight of each exceeds 2 tons, and some reach 15 tons, and studies and theories differed in how these stone blocks were raised to high heights, reaching a height above the surface The earth is approximately 146 m, but the removal of its summit made it approximately 139 m long.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered the royal gardens of King Nebuchadnezzar II, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and they were built in the Iraqi city of Babylon, while some other accounts indicate that they were located in the province of Nineveh, and there are many narratives and stories that describe the greatness and splendor of the building in those gardens ; One of the accounts attributed to the Greek historian Herodotus indicates that the gardens of Babylon were surrounded by external walls of 90 km in length, approximately 24 m in thickness and 97.5 m in height, in addition to their double inner walls that contained many places of worship, castles, and statues made of Pure gold, regardless of the authenticity of the story of Herodotus and others, but it generally refers to the greatness of the building and the splendor of the construction that its visitor felt, and these gardens have become a memory of history; This is as a result of the earthquake that struck it in the second century BC

Statue of Zeus

The statue of Zeus is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built as a tribute to the god Zeus by the Greek sculptor Phedias and a team of his assistants, in the year 432 BC in the Greek city of Olympia, as it was carved in a Greek temple to reach its height Approximately 12 AD on a large wooden base, the articles of gold and ivory formed the body of the statue, which was carrying a scepter in its left hand, studded with all forms of metal, and in its right hand a small statue of the Greek goddess of victory that bears the name Nike (English: Nike), and the throne that he sits on is made of A mixture of precious stones, gold, and ebony wood.

Temple of Artemis

The construction of the Temple of Artemis, one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World, dates back to the sixth century BC, specifically in the Hellenistic era, and although its remains are currently just remnants of the foundation on which the temple was built in the city of Ephesus or Ephesus, which is located in present-day Turkey, the London Museum The British contains in its galleries some of the remains of this edifice, the Temple of Artemis was made entirely of marble and contained many huge columns, in addition to those surrounding it, which numbered 36 columns, and it was rebuilt many times, the first of which was in the second century before Birth.

Mausoleum of Mausolus

The Mausoleum of Mussolus is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and it was built shortly after the year 367 AD, and some believe that its construction dates back to Mussolus, the ruler of the Karia region and founder of the city of Halicarnassus – which is located in Turkey today – at that time for his burial in it after his death as a reward for his establishment of this The city, and the Mausoleum of Mausolus contains three main components that make up it, which are: the huge hall that contains the tomb room, and a group of 36 Ionian-style columns, and the pyramid that includes 24 degrees, and the total height of this shrine has reached approximately 43 m, It was also decorated with many different inscriptions carrying many symbolic meanings referring to hunting, battles, and sacrifices.

Colossus of Rhodes

The Colossus of Rhodes is the tallest and largest statue during the Hellenistic period, and it was built on the Greek island of Rhodes, which was considered to be of commercial and economic importance, and the story of creating this statue began when Antigonius of Macedon sent forces to punish Rhodes for its alliance with Baltimus I, King of Egypt, to continue the war between the two parties after That was for a whole year, and after the expiration of this year Baltimus sent relief to Rhodes to defeat the soldiers of Antigonius, who numbered 40 thousand fighters, leaving behind their equipment and weapons, so the people of Rhodes sold this huge equipment to be able to create a huge statue to thank their gods for the victory – as they thought -, and it was done. The creation of the Rhodes statue of the sun god Helios, and this edifice remained standing until its collapse by an earthquake that led to its shattering.

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The lighthouse of Alexandria is the last of the seven wonders of the world that were destroyed and destroyed, as a result of many seismic tremors that killed them and made most of them debris, and the lighthouse of Alexandria is located on the island of Pharos, located within the governorate of Alexandria in Egypt, and Baltimus I was the owner of the idea of ​​creating it, but his death prevented that So his son began construction work that lasted for an estimated period of 33 years at a very high material cost, and after the completion of the construction work, it reached a height of 91.44 m, to be one of the greatest and longest building edifices that man has built, and this lighthouse was lit daily by lighting fire at its top.


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