Wonders of the Dutum The consensus on adopting these areas as natural wonders in 1997 AD, represented by the following areas:
The great groove
The Great Canyon or the Grand Canyon is a national park and a world heritage site in the state of Arizona, USA, and it represents one of the most beautiful natural wonders distinguished by its vast natural area, and it was formed as a result of the erosion of the edges of the rocks of the Colorado Plateau by the Colorado River, to show a series of successive layers of different rock layers that succeeded through the years And, as a result of the great height of the Canyon and its distinctive climate, it is a suitable place for many nature lovers and tranquility, and is considered a sacred home for many American Indian peoples, in addition to that it attracts many tourists to enjoy the beauty of its wonderful view.
The Baricutin volcano is one of the most recent volcanoes on Earth, and it is located in the western-central part of Mexico in the western state of Michoacan, to the northern side of the summit of Tansitaro, and the Baricutin volcano is 32 km from the Uruapan region on the western and northwestern sides, and its activity began on February, and a year after the explosion of this volcano, its conical summit rose by 450 m to form a high cone with a total height of 2,280 m above sea level, and in 1952 AD the volcano became It is idle after it reached a height of 2,808 m. It is worth noting that the partially buried church of San Juan Parangaricutero, located on the edge of the village of Baricutin, is one of the attractive tourist attractions in this region.
Aurora Borealis, or the so-called Aurora phenomenon, is a mixture of attractive colors in the sky that captivates the viewer at the poles of the northern and southern hemisphere, and this phenomenon occurs as a result of the collision of gaseous particles between the Earth’s atmosphere and the charged particles emanating from the atmosphere surrounding the sun, resulting from these collisions Amazing colorful lights that differ according to the type of gases colliding with each other, and among the most obvious colors: pink and pale green, in addition to shades of other colors such as: red, yellow, green, blue, and violet, which are formed for the see in many forms such as spots, or clouds Scattered, or arcs, and reach a height between 80 km to 640 km above the surface of the earth, which makes the sky naturally glowing, strange and wonderful.
Victoria Falls is located in the Zambezi River, which is the largest river in South Africa, with a width of 1,700 meters, and a height of 108 meters, which makes it the largest waterfalls in the world, and these waterfalls divide the Zambezi River into two parts, one of which is the narrow and wide river known as the Upper Zambezi River. The second part is the steep Batuka Strait, which is 100 km long.
Port of Rio de Janeiro
There is the port of Rio de Janeiro or the River January, as it was called in Portuguese or the Bay of Guanabara in Brazil, and it is the largest bay in the world relative to the volume of water flowing into it, and the reason for its origin is due to the erosion that occurred in the Atlantic Ocean due to erosion and erosion factors. Janeiro with the compact granite mountains that surround it, such as the well-known Mount Pau de Acucar, which has a height of 395 meters, and the Corcovado Mountain, which has a height of 704 meters, in addition to the Tijuca Forest and the Pico da Tijuca summit, which has a height of 1,021 meters, and the Guanabara Bay region contains many picturesque islands , Such as Snake Island and Governor Island.
the great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is located in Australia on the opposite side of the Queensland coast, and it is considered a world heritage area, the largest coral reef system in the world, and even the largest area for the diversity of living creatures in this great planet with an area so vast that it can be distinguished when it is seen from space, as it is About 344,400 km2.
The Great Barrier Reef is distinguished by its turquoise color, with which its waters are colored, and the diversity of its environments and their differences, as it contains 600 tropical islands, and more than 900 different islands, such as the island of White Sunday, Lizard Island, and Heron Island, in addition to its sparkling coral reefs of different types. It contains 3000 individual coral reef systems, 760 marginal coral reefs near the coast, and nearly 300 hard coral reefs, and as a result of this wonderful and unique diversity, a fertile environment has been formed to become home to many marine organisms such as plants and animals, especially sea turtles and fish. That live among coral reefs, in addition to 134 different species of sharks and stingrays, and huge quantities of different seaweeds.
Mount Everest is located between Tibet and Nepal, and it is the highest mountain on earth within the Himalayas with an altitude of about 8.8 km, and the formation of Mount Everest dates back to nearly 60 million years, as a result of the movement of the Earth’s plates, and Mount Everest was named after the British surveyor and general geographer of India George Everest.
Mount Everest is one of the natural challenges that attract climbing enthusiasts, although it is difficult to climb due to the difficult factors that surround it, such as strong winds, lack of oxygen at high altitudes, and avalanches, but this did not constitute an obstacle for more than 700 people to reach the summit , Although 150 deaths were recorded while climbing, Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were the first to reach the summit of Everest in 1953, Minya Seven