Morocco, officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco (in English: the Kingdom of Morocco), is an Arab country located in the western part of North Africa. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea from the north, and the Atlantic Ocean from the west, and is separated by the Strait of Gibraltar.
Morocco enjoys a privileged strategic location. As it is bordered by Algeria to the east, and Mauritania to the south. The population of Morocco is 33,848,242 million, according to the 2014 census.  While the total area of the Kingdom is 446,300 km2.
The capital of Morocco
The capital of Morocco is the city of Rabat. As according to the common Moroccan expression, it is the ribat by tightening the raa, opening the ba, and calming the tha. It contains a group of spectacular natural scenes, as well as it is a station for an effective and diverse economic activity, as it is characterized by balanced civil developments, so it was natural for officials to conduct planning to increase its growth and renew the urban and environmental progression within it, according to the political perspective of the city. And the economic role.
The Rabat is located in the northwestern part of the country, on a vast flat lying on the Atlantic Ocean; It is located on the left bank, including the mouth of the Bou Regreg River or Bouregreg, which separates it from Salé, which is the old city.  The estuary forms a joint grant between the two neighboring cities, “Rabat and Salé,” and the estuary is distinguished by its biological richness and the multiplicity of its natural aspects. The coordinates of the city extend between 2 ° 34 north and 50 ° 6 west. The city overlooks the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, and is bordered on the east by the city of Salé, and on the west by the city of Casablanca, or Casablanca.
The population of Rabat is 577,827 thousand, according to the statistics of 2014. The great majority of the population profess the religion of Islam with various sects, while the city includes a number of Jews as well.  Residents speak Arabic as an official language, in addition to the Berber language and the language. French, which is taught in schools alongside Arabic.
Rabat enjoys a hot and dry climate in summer and mild winters, and because of its geographical location on the coast, the climate prevails with high humidity. The average temperature in the summer season reaches 22 ° C, while the average temperature in the winter season reaches 13 ° C, and the city does not witness frequent rainfalls, and therefore the annual rainfall rate reaches 554.9 mm.
The strategic location of the city of Ribat has made it over time an important station for the link between the Arab East and the outside world, which made it a major port for import and export, which reflected positively on the city’s economic prosperity, and among the most important materials that are exported are citrus fruits, fish, phosphates, fertilizers, etc. ] In addition to trade. The city relies heavily on industries as well. It was famous for its textile industry, along with some traditional industries that include wood, leather, and pottery.
The city was founded in the twelfth century by Abd al-Mu’min al-Kumi, with the aim of using it as a headquarters to prepare for a military campaign in Spain, and from here it acquired its name Ribat al-Fath. After the end of the campaign, the Moroccans left Spain and flocked to the city from a town called Hornachos and settled in the region, and a number of Andalusians also flocked to the city.
Wars between Andalusians and Hispanics continued afterwards; As the region suffered from political instability and the spread of piracy across the coast, and in the eighteenth century the city gained a good reputation, which led to the prosperity of trade in the city, especially in the port of Rabat, where many Europeans flocked to the city to work in trade.
In 1912, the French General Hubert Leoti was seeking to create a stronger camp to defend the French colonies. He occupied the city and turned it into his capital. The French occupation of the city and the region continued until the second of March of 1956 AD. The Kingdom of Morocco and all its cities fully gained their independence, Sultan Muhammad V took power, and established a democratic kingdom with its capital in Rabat.
Rabat includes many attractive tourist places, cultural monuments rich in history that belong to the ancient civilizations that arose on the land of Rabat, in addition to the stunning beaches and coastal views, which makes it a destination for many tourists. In 2012, the city of Rabat was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List, due to its heritage buildings and historical value, most notably the Hassan II Mosque, which dates back to 1184AD, and the gates and walls of the city.
Every summer, the Mawazine Cultural and Art Festival is held in the capital under the patronage of King Mohammed VI, which attracts artistic talents from all over the world, with the aim of cultural participation and openness to the other, due to the different artistic categories, diverse international cultures, and multiple talents that it includes, and the festival is considered an attraction It is a major tourist and economic component of the city.