What is the capital of Sweden



Sweden is a country of the European continent, located in the north of the continent between the countries of Finland and Norway, overlooking the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Kattegat strait, and occupying with its borders a geographical area of ​​450,295 km2, The population of Sweden 10 million people, which is equivalent to 0.13% of the total world population, and perhaps what distinguishes it most is the low population density, the large number of lakes, the vast forests, the long coastal borders, and the great variation in weather conditions; The day is long and the night is short during the summer, and conversely during the winter season, and some Swedish regions north of the Arctic Circle never witness the presence of night, while the far south regions such as Stockholm experience relatively short nights.

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden

The city of Stockholm represents the economic, cultural, and administrative capital of the Kingdom of Sweden, in addition to being the largest city in the country, and the most populous capital in the northern European region, and it is considered the main headquarters for presidential and government buildings, such as the Parliament Building. The High Courts, the King’s Palace of Sweden, the Prime Minister’s House, and the Stockholm Palace, which is considered the place where the King exercises his official duties, and Stockholm is also an important cultural and historical center, as it includes many cultural attractions such as the Maritime Museum Vasa also hosts distinguished activities such as the annual Nobel Prize ceremony, and the capital is world famous for its interest in the field of transport and renewable energy, It should be noted that its economy has become one of the most productive economies in the world, and the reason for this is the creation of a workforce based on A sufficient amount of technology and science, and ensuring the existence of modern infrastructure, advanced and advanced companies and universities.

The origin of the name Stockholm

The name Stockholm appeared for the first time in 1252 AD, and there are many accounts about why the city of Stockholm was called so. Including that the name of the city is derived from the word Stock (in English: Stock), which is taken from the Swedish word Stokker, which means pillars of firewood, and the word Holm (in English: Holm) has been added, meaning the small island, and another narration indicates that the reason for the name is due to That the residents of Stockholm used columns to define important landmarks such as markets and borders, which is similar to the city of Venice; The writer Jacob Ziegler described in his book “Shondia” the city of Stockholm with the abundance of firewood columns and that it resembles a gun, and the writer obtained this description from a Swedish population he met during his travels, and one account indicates that Stockholm used wood poles to cut off shipping routes to the archipelago To prevent other ships from entering, or to impose fees on visitors to the city, and therefore the name Stockholm came to indicate the use of these columns.

The history of Stockholm

The area in which Stockholm is located today has witnessed the presence of humans 8,000 years after the Ice Age, but has not experienced actual stability; Because of the great drop in temperatures, as people headed towards the warmer southern regions, and in the year 1000 AD the Vikings created the old city of Stockholm in the area between the Baltic Sea and Lake Mälaren, and the city began to trade iron, and its name appeared in the history records for the first time in the year 1252 AD And as the city was exposed to invasions, it was established to be immune to these invasions, and the city of Stockholm appeared in its current form in the thirteenth century on the central island, and it was linked to neighboring cities culturally and economically thanks to trade across the Baltic Sea.

After the middle of the thirteenth century, Stockholm became one of the important commercial centers of the Hanseatic League, and the city remained there until Gustavus I came to end the control of the Hanseates over trade, and made Stockholm a center for his kingdom, and the year 1436 CE witnessed the declaration of Stockholm. As the capital of Sweden, then the Swedish national government appeared during the sixteenth century, and the king of the country took Stockholm as his headquarters, and it became the political and economic center of the Kingdom of Sweden; Which became a major European power during the seventeenth century, as the population increased during the eighteenth century, and continued to develop as one of the most important Swedish cities.

The geography of Stockholm

The location and area of ​​Stockholm

The city of Stockholm is located in the Kingdom of Sweden, specifically on the south-central coast of the Kingdom at the confluence of Lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. The reason for this is that Sweden has a relatively small geographical area, occupying an area of ​​6,490 km2, and two-thirds of this area is water bodies and channels, and a short period of time may not exceed one day. As for parks and green spaces, [6] As for astronomically, Stockholm is located on the longitude of 18.06, the latitude of 59.33, and it is located on a land with an average elevation of 28 meters above sea level.


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